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時間:2022-08-17 來源:本站 點擊:258次
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双语热点:小心虚拟货币投资的游戏化趋势******

如今,对数字地位的追求和金融成功被混为一谈,助长了经济泡沫。狗狗币、NFT还有Axis Infinity的爆火则向我们展示了货币游戏化的趋势。那么,当乐趣耗尽时又会发生什么?

The danger of the internet turning money into a game

“A friend of mine came up with a variant on [Occam’s razor, which is] that the most ironic outcome is the most likely one,” Elon Musk told fellow billionaire Jack Dorsey and Ark Invest CEO Cathie Wood during a virtual Bitcoin conference in July. Musk, who had been delivering a relatively sober perspective on blockchain technologies, seemed delighted that the conversation had turned to Dogecoin, the satirical cryptocurrency devoted to memes and dogs.

在今年七月的一次虚拟比特币会议上,马斯克对亿万富翁多尔西和Ark Invest首席执行官凯西·伍德说:“我的一个朋友发明了一种奥卡姆剃须刀,说明最讽刺的结果也许就是最成功的结果。”马斯克一直对区块链技术持相对冷静的观点,他似乎很高兴话题转向了狗狗币(Dogecoin),一种专注于表情包和狗的讽刺图像的加密货币。

“And then I have a variant on that, which is the most entertaining outcome is the most likely one,” he continued. “If that is true, then the most ironic and entertaining outcome would be that the cryptocurrency [Dogecoin] that was started as a joke to make fun of cryptocurrencies ends up being the lead cryptocurrency.” Musk laughed.

他继续说道:“这句话还有个变形,那就是最有趣的结果也许就是最成功的结果。如果这是真的,那么最具讽刺和娱乐性的结果将是,加密货币狗狗币(Dogecoin)最初只是用来取笑加密货币的一个笑话,最终却成为全球领先的加密货币。”马斯克笑了。

Within minutes, Musk’s to-the-moon energy had spread to Telegram, TikTok, and Reddit. Inspired by Musk’s remarks, rapper Busta Rhymes announced to his 3.8 million Twitter followers that he was now “sold on Bitcoin.” In no time, the cool kids in Discord’s trading forums were labeling Doge a “pleb coin,” implying that regular people were flooding into it and fueling speculation (as of mid-August, it’s up 9,222% year over year).

几分钟之内,马斯克的探月激情就传播到了Telegram、TikTok和Reddit上。受到马斯克言论的启发,说唱歌手巴斯塔·莱姆斯(Busta Rhymes)向他380万推特粉丝宣布,他现在“接受比特币了”。不一会儿,Discord交易论坛上的孩子们就把狗狗币贴上了“平民币”的标签,这意味着普通人的涌入,并助长了投机(截至八月中旬,狗狗币同比上涨了9222%)。

The year 2021 will be remembered as the moment when financial culture and internet culture converged, leading to investment bubbles in everything from meme stocks to tokenized collectibles. But cryptocurrency trading, a largely unregulated casino, arguably represents the purest synthesis yet of personal finance and online social status. On TikTok, for example, one of the more popular formats involves a bro offering investment tips, talking-head style, while displaying the value of his crypto portfolio behind him; a billion or trillion of anything, apparently, is good for both the ego and the algorithm. And everyone wants in. In the past 12 months, upwards of 5,000 new crypto coins have launched. By August, SEC chair Gary Gensler was sounding the regulatory alarm and asking Congress to step in.

2021年将被铭记为金融文化和互联网文化融合的一年,导致了从表情包股票到代币化收藏品的一切投资泡沫。但加密货币交易是一个基本上不受监管的赌场,可以说是迄今为止个人财务和线上社会地位最纯粹的综合。例如,在TikTok上,比较流行的一种视频模式是,用一位兄弟的特写镜头提供投资建议,同时在他身后展示加密投资组合的价值;显然,数十亿或数万亿的任何东西都对自尊和算法都有好处,每个人都跃跃欲试。在过去12个月里,有超过5000种新的加密货币推出。到今年8月,证交会主席加里•詹斯勒敲响了监管警钟,并要求国会介入。

While lawmakers weigh their options, the desire for instant wealth—and the attendant boost in social currency for anyone who got in early and gets out before the inevitable “rug pull”—is overwhelming any warning cries. The vast majority of the amateur investors buying up Dogecoin will lose money, but they’ve gained a chance to burnish their credentials as card-carrying members of an internet tribe led by Musk, who can afford to treat it all like a joke. (Dorsey, a Bitcoin whale, has his own fan base.) “This is much more about a kind of identity formation than it is [about] anything to do with economic forces or motivations,” says Bill Maurer, director of the Institute for Money, Technology, and Financial Inclusion.

当立法者权衡他们的选择时,对即时财富的渴望以及随之而来的社交货币的提升压倒了任何警告的呼声。绝大多数购买狗狗币的业余投资者都会赔钱,但他们也因此有机会给自己的身份贴金,成为马斯克领导的互联网部落的持卡人,而马斯克则可以把这一切都当作一场笑话。(比特币鲸鱼多尔西也有自己的粉丝群)“这更多的是一种身份构建,而不是与经济力量或动机有关的任何事情,”货币、技术和金融普惠研究所(Institute for Money, Technology, and Financial Inclusion)主任比尔•毛雷尔(Bill Maurer)表示。

This pursuit of likes via penny stock altcoins may sound trivial. But it’s a symptom of broader malaise. Upward economic mobility has been declining in the U.S. since 1980, meaning that millennials and subsequent generations have no memory of good times. Warned that they will get wiped out, younger crypto investors respond with a shrug. There’s nothing to lose and everything to gain.

这种通过代币来追求“赞”的行为听起来可能微不足道,但其实这是一种很普遍的症状。自1980年以来,美国向上的经济流动性一直在下降,这意味着千禧一代和他们的后代没有什么好日子可过。当被警告自己将被淘汰时,年轻的加密货币投资者却表示对此不屑一顾。他们已经没有什么可以失去了,所以愿意背水一战。

All the while, more and more economic activity is concentrating in attention-economy platforms that Silicon Valley controls. What could possibly go wrong?

与此同时,越来越多的经济活动集中在由硅谷控制的注意力经济平台上,这会导致哪些问题呢?

Money and status have always been linked, but the gamification of our financial lives didn’t begin in earnest until the 1980s, when Discover Financial, then owned by Sears, introduced a cash-back program tied to its credit card. Soon after, banks and airlines started to team up to tie personal spending to earning miles, which could be redeemed for perks like airport lounge access, encouraging consumers to optimize themselves and their wallets. The more you spend, the higher-class you become! Household debt be damned.

金钱和地位一直是联系在一起的,但直到20世纪80年代,我们的财务生活才真正开始游戏化,当时西尔斯(Sears)旗下的Discover financial推出了一项与信用卡绑定的现金返还计划。不久之后,银行和航空公司开始联合起来,将个人消费与里程数挂钩,里程数可以兑换机场休息室等福利,鼓励消费者优化自己和钱包。你花得越多,你的地位就越高!管他什么家庭债务呢?

After the 2008 financial crisis, fintech startups, Bitcoin, and gamification ploys all blossomed in libertarian-leaning Silicon Valley, nudging people to see themselves as owners who could transform the system that burned them. The stock-trading app Robinhood, which doles out free shares to new users and lowers the barrier for trading crypto and risky options, represents all these trends in one.

2008年金融危机之后,金融科技初创企业、比特币和游戏化策略在倾向自由意志主义的硅谷蓬勃发展,使人们有种能够改变这个吞噬他们的系统的所有者的错觉。股票交易应用Robinhood向新用户免费发放股票,并降低加密货币和高风险期权交易的门槛,集所有这些趋势于一体。

With Robinhood, at least, most users are gambling (er, investing) with their fun money—$20 here, $50 there—in order to create fodder for group texts and snaps. When it comes to maximizing social influence and wealth, the stakes are far higher for professional digital content creators, a group that now numbers more than 2 million. They are playing what tech analyst Packy McCormick, author of email newsletter Not Boring, calls “the great online game,” in which social media is where you make your moves and crypto is how you keep score. Altcoin cryptocurrencies, in particular, offer creators a shot at the kind of equity-based wealth that social platforms have denied them.

至少在《罗宾汉》中,大多数人都在用他们的专门拿来娱乐的钱赌博(或者说是投资)——这里放20美元、那里放50美元——来为群聊和朋友圈创造素材。在社会影响力最大化和财富方面,专业数字内容创作者的风险要高得多,这个群体现在已经超过200万人。他们正在玩的正是Not Boring的作者、科技分析师佩基·麦考密克(Packy McCormick)所说的“伟大的在线游戏”,在这个游戏中,社交媒体是你施展拳脚的平台而加密货币就是你的计分方式。特别是加密货币为创造者提供了社交平台一直拒绝为他们提供的平等获得股权财富的机会。

“They don’t want the constant churn of creating content to be their only revenue stream,” Josh Constine, principal investor for the venture firm SignalFire, says of these vloggers, podcasters, and streamers. The most successful of these folks, he says, will build “a sort of creator pension out of equity stakes” in startups and altcoins aligned with their audiences.

风险投资公司SignalFire的主要投资者乔希•康斯丁在谈到这些视频博主、播客和流媒体用户时表示:“这些人不希望创造内容成为他们唯一的收入来源。”在这些人中,最成功的人将在初创公司和与他们的受众结盟的替代币中建立“一种基于股权的创造者养老金”。

Some tech-world philosophers believe that the great online game will soon be something that everyone plays. For a taste of this future, witness the sudden rise of Axie Infinity, a Pokémon-style game that compensates winners with its own Smooth Love Potion cryptocurrency and is attracting players by the millions. In countries like the Philippines, playing Axie is more lucrative than many traditional jobs—at least for now. “Some people who were previously making $5 per day now make $20 [playing Axie],” McCormick wrote breathlessly in a recent newsletter. Axie’s founders, meanwhile, are on track to make $1.1 billion by the end of the year.

一些科技世界的哲学家相信,这个伟大的网络游戏很快就会吸引所有人。想要体验一下这种未来的感觉的话,可以去看看Axis Infinity的爆火。这是一个类似Pokémon游戏,赢家的奖励则是他们的加密货币“平滑爱情药剂”(Smooth Love Potion)。这个游戏现在已经吸引了数百万玩家。在菲律宾这样的国家,玩这个游戏甚至比许多传统的工作更赚钱——至少目前是这样。McCormick在最近的一份通讯中写道:“一些以前每天赚5美元的人现在通过玩Axis Infinity可以赚20美元。与此同时,Axis Infinity的创始人有望在今年年底前赚到11亿美元。

“The sort of utopian song that goes into [these projects] is about, how do we share the fruits of our commercial activities in a way that rewards users, [but it’s] driven by a self-interest to get users to adopt stuff faster,” says Lex Sokolin, head economist for the blockchain company ConsenSys. “But it’s sitting on top of this hypercapitalist infrastructure. And the infrastructure is owned by billionaires.”

“这些项目有一个乌托邦构想,那就是该如何用回报的方式分享我们的商业成果,但与此同时是由用户们又被利益驱动着更快接受新事物的。”区块链公司ConsenSys头部经济学家Lex Sokolin说,“但它是建立在超级资本主义的基础设施之上的,而这些基础设施则由亿万富翁所有。”

Crypto’s boom can be credited, in part, to social media softening its edges. Savvy developers have learned to mint coins that are likable, shareable, sometimes laughable. Clever promoters like Musk continue to be the biggest winners. Tactical middlemen benefit by collecting exorbitant fees for trading, voting on protocol governance, and other forms of community participation. And the plebs?

加密货币的繁荣在一定程度上要归功于社交媒体模糊了许多边界。精明的开发者已经学会了制造可爱、可分享、甚至可笑的货币,像马斯克这样聪明的推销商仍然是最大的赢家。战术中间商可以通过为交易、协议治理投票和其他形式的参与来收取高昂的费用,而平民呢?

What’s happening in money culture right now looks something like this: The masses, frustrated by rigid societal inequality and a lack of economic opportunity, are playing whatever new lottery comes along. They invest their social media selves in lottery communities, and they put their savings in scratch tickets. The price to play is expensive, the rules are designed for them to lose—and they do. According to research firm Chain alysis, investors lost roughly $2.7 billion to investment scams in 2020. All signs point toward even more instances of fraud in 2021. Do your own research, crypto veterans admonish.

现在的金钱文化看起来是这样的:大众对僵化的社会不平等和机会的匮乏感到沮丧,所以愿意玩各种新的形式的彩票。他们将自己的社交媒体投资于彩票社区,并将积蓄用于购买刮刮乐。游戏的代价是昂贵的,因为规则就是为他们量身定制的——而他们确实输了。根据研究公司Chain analysis的数据,投资者在2020年因投资诈骗损失了约27亿美元。所有迹象都表明,2021年将出现更多诈骗事件。专家们告诫道,一定要做好研究。

“The price of this token can never go down . . . it’s really cool,” the creator of a coin called Surge said in a YouTube interview in August. Thousands of viewers reveled in the hype. “I just bought 367 million [Surge coins] for just 5 bucks!” one wrote in the comments. “This is lightning in a bottle!!!”

“这种代币的价格永远不会下跌……今年8月,一种名为Surge的硬币的发明者在接受YouTube采访时表示,成千上万的观众正陶醉在炒作中。“我刚刚花了5美元买了3.67亿个Surge金币!“一位网友在评论中写道,“这简直是一夜暴富!”

We’re almost surely in a bubble. Or rather, we’re in the midst of an ever-rotating cast of mini-bubbles. None may be big enough on its own to create a financial panic. But together, they reveal the deep and increasingly dangerous flaws in our traditional institutions. It would be relatively easy for regulators to devote more resources to policing cryptocurrency. Harder, but far more important, will be rebuilding trust by making economic growth—and the financial establishment that serves as its gatekeeper—accessible to all.

我们肯定处于泡沫之中。或者更确切地说,我们正处于一组不断旋转的微型气泡之中。没有单独一家公司的规模大到足以引发金融恐慌,但当它们合在一起时便揭示了我们传统制度中深刻而日益危险的缺陷。对监管机构来说,投入更多的资源来监管加密货币并不难,难的是如何让所有人和金融机构都能赚钱,并以此来重建信任。

一分钟带你了解特奥滚球比赛项目******

    10月23日,全国第八届特奥会特奥滚球比赛在宝鸡国际会展中心开赛,赛场上,滚球间清脆的撞击声阵阵传入耳间,运动员们在这里展现出他们的超凡的技术与实力。

    滚球比赛是特奥会的独有项目,虽然使用的肢体动作较少,但是又需要运用策略和技巧,考验着运动员的肌肉控制力和准确性,有利于帮助运动员锻炼手眼协调、上肢动作控制能力,是一项安全、优雅的技巧性体育项目。滚球比赛正式项目分为单打、双打、团体赛、融合运动滚球双打和融合运动滚球团体赛, 比赛在宽3.66米,长18.29米的场地中进行。

    10月24日,华商报记者现场采访特奥滚球项目竞赛委员会裁判长郭宝东,一起在赛场了解什么是特奥滚球比赛。

华商全媒体残特奥会报道组 


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中国成功发射北斗三号系统首颗倾斜地球同步轨道卫星******

原标题:中国成功发射北斗三号系统首颗倾斜地球同步轨道卫星

中新网四川西昌4月20日电(郭超凯)北京时间4月20日22时41分,中国在西昌卫星发射中心用长征三号乙运载火箭,发射第44颗北斗导航卫星。

郭文彬 摄

北斗卫星导航系统工程总设计师杨长风介绍称,此次发射的卫星是北斗三号系统第20颗组网卫星,属于北斗三号系统首颗倾斜地球同步轨道卫星。这种包含倾斜地球同步轨道、地球同步轨道、中圆地球轨道三种不同类型轨道卫星的混合星座设计是北斗系统独有、国际首创,将有效增加亚太地区卫星可见数,为亚太地区提供更优质服务。

这次发射是2019年度北斗导航卫星首次发射,拉开了今年北斗高密度组网的序幕。今年计划发射8-10颗北斗三号组网卫星,完成所有中圆地球轨道卫星发射,进一步完善全球系统星座布局,全面提升系统服务性能和用户体验。

自去年底北斗三号工程建成基本系统、开通全球服务以来,北斗系统运行平稳,经全球范围测试评估,在全球区域定位精度优于10米,在亚太区域定位精度优于5米,满足指标要求。

郭文彬 摄

杨长风表示,经过多年发展,北斗已形成完整产业链,在中国交通、农业、公安、测绘等行业以及大众领域已实现规模化应用。今年,将逐步加大与互联网、大数据、人工智能等新兴技术的深度创新融合,不断催生“北斗+”融合应用新模式和新业态。据统计,截至2018年底,国产北斗导航型芯片模块等基础产品销量已突破7000万片,国产高精度板卡和天线销量分别占国内市场份额的30%和90%。

郭文彬 摄

目前,北斗系统在印度尼西亚土地确权、科威特建筑施工、乌干达国土测绘、缅甸精准农业、马尔代夫海上打桩、柬埔寨无人机、泰国仓储物流、巴基斯坦机场授时以及俄罗斯电力巡检等领域得到广泛应用。北斗高精度产品出口90多个国家和地区,北斗地基增强技术和产品成体系输出海外。

月亮与火箭的合影。郭文彬 摄

用于执行第100次发射任务的长征三号乙运载火箭由中国航天科技集团一院抓总研制,此次发射的北斗三号系统首颗倾斜地球同步轨道卫星由中国航天科技集团五院抓总研制。后续,该卫星将变轨进入工作轨道,并进行一系列在轨测试,将与此前发射的18颗中圆地球轨道卫星和1颗地球同步轨道卫星进行组网,提供服务。(完)

Bergwijn stunner leads Netherlands to World Cup qualification******

THE HAGUE, Nov. 16 (Xinhua) -- The Netherlands qualified for the 2022 FIFA World Cup after a 2-0 win over Norway in Rotterdam on Tuesday.。

It was D-day for both teams in De Kuip stadium. The Netherlands would be certain of World Cup qualification with a win and a draw would normally also be sufficient with a superior goal difference compared to Turkey. Without injured star striker Erling Haaland, Norway needed a win and had to hope for Turkey to drop points at Montenegro.。

The Netherlands could have already qualified last Saturday against Montenegro, but the "Oranje" squandered a 2-0 lead in Podgorica in the final minutes of that match. It was the first setback for head coach Louis van Gaal since he successfully took over from Frank de Boer after a disappointing Euro 2020.。

Back in the Netherlands from Montenegro, Van Gaal suffered another personal setback. He slipped on his bike last Sunday and ended up with a hip injury. Therefore he had to be moved in a wheelchair and was not able to sit in the dugout. He followed the match from a skybox in the stands, keeping in touch with his staff by telephone.。

Van Gaal made changes to the line-up for the crucial match, with Steven Bergwijn replacing Donyell Malen and Matthijs de Ligt and Jasper Cillessen coming in for injured defender Stefan de Vrij and goalkeeper Justin Bijlow.。

In an empty stadium without spectators due to newly enforced COVID-19 measures, the home team had most ball possession but failed to create many openings in the tight Norwegian defense. Arnaut Danjuma had the best chance halfway through the first half after dribbling from right to left. His shot went wide.。

A header by Memphis Depay went in the hands of goalkeeper Orjan Nyland and a shot by the Dutch striker ended the same way. Norway hardly entered the Dutch side of the pitch in the goalless first half.。

In the second half, with Turkey leading 2-1 in Montenegro, Norway needed to come and slowly moved towards the Dutch goal. The tension rose in Rotterdam, with the Dutch fearing to concede a goal, which would mean elimination. However, the first chance of the second half was for the Dutch. Depay ruined the opportunity in the 75th minute.。

In the 84th minute, Bergwijn broke the deadlock and caused major relief in the Dutch soccer hearts. Danjuma passed to the right and Bergwijn smashed in the opening goal. After a counter in injury-time, Bergwijn wasn't selfish and assisted Memphis Depay.。

The win lifted the Netherlands to the top of the group with 23 points, while Turkey ended second with 21 points after a 2-1 win over Montenegro in Podgorica. The Turks now qualified for the play-offs and Norway was eliminated in third place.。

The Netherlands qualified for the World Cup for the 11th time in history and for the first time since 2014. The Dutch were three-time finalists at the 1974, 1978 and 2010 World Cups and finished third in 2014. Enditem。

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